FID is in the Oil & Gas and Petrochemical industry the acronym of Final Investment Decision.
Anyway both are in close connection since the FEED prepares the FID.
The FEED tends to happen at the first half of a project, between the forefront conceptual study or feasibility study and the FID to trigger the project execution usually called engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) phase.
The investment decision is part of the Capital Investment Decision (CID) as part of the long term corporate finance decisions based on key criteria to manage company’s assets and capital structure.
The Oil & Gas and Petrochemical companies use to evaluate permanently a large broad band of projects in term of:
– Return on capital employed
– Risks, which is an important factor in the Oil & Gas and Petrochemical industry
– Financing structure
The evaluation of these criteria, and thus the investment decision, will start with the feasibility study or conceptual study.
Anyway a positive evaluation in conclusion of the FEED does not means that the FID will come systematically because all the projects of the company are ranked according to the criteria above and only the best projects of the list may go one.
Many Oil & Gas and Petrochemical projects may be highly profitable but the risk level might be also high, therefore these projects may have hard to move forward to FID until a local drastic change allows to damp the risks.
– Investment decision
– Financing decision
– Dividend decision
In practice it means that the FID will be made only when the company has completed the financing and defined its dividend strategy for the year to come.
Since the FID is attached to the financing which may have an impact on the debts level of the company and to the dividend, the FID will be made by the Board of the company based on the proposal of the Executive Committee.
The FID may be postponed until the Board and the Executive Committee are aligned.
This point takes a particular importance in large project driven by a joint venture between two or more partners.
The joint venture may have its own Executive Committee, while decisions are made the Board of the different partners.
The company named as operator leads the Executive Committee of the joint venture, while the Boards remained attached to the individual partners.
When made, the FID triggers the project execution and in practice the EPC phase.
If the FID may have met some delays for whatever reasons, the EPC is always expected to be completed in the shortest lead time to production and commercial operations.